举个小例子，我们的英文新闻稿里经常出现“...in Beijing, capital of China”。这么写有问题吗?要看情况。
如果纯粹翻译“某某活动在中国首都北京举行”，这样写没毛病;但若是新闻英文写作，就有点啰嗦了，因为像北京这样举世闻名的大城市，附上“capital of China”真的没必要，从未见外媒报道时写“London, capital of the UK”“Paris, capital of France”。
Corresponding English and Chinese proverbs and phrases(1)
1.After meat， mustard; after death， doctor .
Explanation: this describes a situation where assistance or comfort is given
when it is too late.
Example: just as I had cancelled my application to go abroad， I had a
promise of money for my fare. It was a case of after death， the doctor.
2. After praising the wine they sell us vinegar.
Explanation: to offer to give or sell something that is inferior to what you
claim it to be.
Example: that fellow completely misled us about what he was capable of
doing. After praising the wine， he sold us vinegar.
3. All is over but the shouting.
Explanation: finally decided or won; brought to the end; not able to be
Example: after Bill’s touch down， the game is all over but shouting.
4. All lay load on the willing horse.
Explanation: a willing horse is someone who is always doing things for
others. Very often the implication is that others impose on him.
Examples: the trouble is you're too good-natured and people take advantage
of it. all lay load on the willing horse. You will have to learn to refuse
people who ask too much.
5.anger and haste hinder good counsel.
Explanation: one can not act wisely when one is angry or in a hurry.
Example: you should calm down before you decide the next move. Anger and
haste hinder good counsel.
6. As poor as a church mouse
Explanation: to be exceedingly poor， having barely to live upon.
Example: he has a large family， and is poor as a church mouse.
Note: a church is one of the few buildings that contain no food.
7. A word spoken is past recalling.
Explanation: the harm done by a careless word can not easily undo.
Example: for the rest of his life he regretted what he had said， but a word
spoken is past recalling and he knew he could never repair the damage of
that moment of harshness.
NOW， TRY YOUR HAND ON THE FOLLOWING:(根据解释，试试翻译下面的谚语)
Love is blind.
beauty is a matter of individual taste and judgment. This is often used of a
person whose judgment is affected by love or infatuation.
Better to die in glory than live in dishonor.
if one has the choice between living in shame and degradation and dying in
glory， it is better to die.
Birds of a feather flock together.
people who are alike often become friend or are together: if you are often
with certain people， you may be their friends or like them.
Blood， toil， tears and sweat.
said of a person bending oneself to a task and exerting all efforts in the
performance of one duty.
Calamity is man true touchstone.
the most telling test of a man ability and worth comes when he has to face
Clean conscience laughs at false accusation.
a person who knows he has done no wrong is morally stronger than those who
falsely accuse him are.
Cry over spilt milk.
to cry or complain about something that has already happened
Corresponding English and Chinese proverbs and phrases(2)
1.World is but a little place， after all.
Explanation: it is used when a person meets someone he knows or is in
someway connected with him in a place where he would never have expected to
Example: Who would have thought I would bump into an old schoolmate on a
trek up Mount Tai. The world is but a little place after all.
2. When in Rome， do as the Romans do.
Explanation: conform to the manners and customs of those amongst whom you
Example: I know you have egg and bacon for breakfast at home， but now you
are on the Continent you will do as the Romans do and take coffee and rolls.
3. What you lose on the swings you get back on the roundabouts.
Explanation: a rough way of starting a law of average; if you have bad luck
on one day you have good on another; if one venture results in loss try a
fresh one---it may succeed.
Example: he may always possess merits which make up for everything; if he
loses on the swings， he may win on the roundabouts.
4.What are the odds so long as you are happy.
Explanation: what does anything else matter if a person is happy.
Example: you complain so much， but you have a good family， parents， health，
and money. What’s the odd so long as you’re happy.
5.Entertain an angel unawares.
Explanation: to receive a great personage as a guest without knowing his
Example: in the course of evening someone informed her that she was
entertaining an angel unawares， in the shape of a composer of the greatest
6.every dog has his day .
Explanation: fortune comes to each in turn
Example: they say that every dog has his day; but mine seems a very long
7.every potter praises his own pot.
Explanation: people are loath to refer to defects in their possessions or
their family members
Example: he said that his teacher considered his work brilliant， but I would
rather hear it from his teacher’s own mouth. Every potter praises his own
Now come on! Have a try.试着翻译一下下面几个谚语!
hit the nail on the head
have an iron hand in a velvet glove
great minds think alike
good wine needs no bush
Give him enough rope and he will hang himself.
Evil does not always come to injure.
A fool may give a wise man counsel.